We truly appreciate your support. Common examples are “part-time,” “high-speed,” and “editor-in-chief.”. I have to say hyphenation of compound words in English is completely arbitrary. (And we don’t hyphenate no-one.). And if we were discussing a watch’s suitability for use while swimming, we would not talk of its “resistance”, even though the context made it clear that resistance to dust or shocks was not being referred to. Noun–noun compound modifiers may also be written without a hyphen when no confusion is likely: grade point average and department store manager. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. In the case of language-lover, the term does not appear in Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, nor does it grace Chicago’s pages. up-to-date), you should use a hyphen when the compound comes before the noun: well-known brands of coffee. Compound modifiers that contain a past participle also follow the same rules as any other compound modifier. but not when the compound comes after the noun: His music was also well known in England. I read somewhere recently that the OED had just published a very long list of words that were previously hyphenated in British English for which the hyphen could (should?) After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. Should it be hyphenated or left as single words, or just the three words (numeral)-year-old hyphenated with child being the noun? (Bear in mind that I am British.). Authors are usually given the opportunity to proof their books, and occasionally have a chance to weigh in on the cover art, but rarely, if ever, do they get to see jacket copy before publication. Most hyphenation in compound adjectives occurs when the compound adjective comes before the noun, that is, in the attributive position. Only then did I realize I had fallen into a trap that the English language often lays for the erudite and the inexperienced alike: the expectation that it will be consistent. Incidentally, I heartily agree with Sarah Turner on “no-one” (in preference to the often-used “no one”, which to my mind has a different meaning (e.g “Of the many ideas put forward, no one solution on its own was seen as workable”), and I also favour “co-operate”, though I note that “cooperate” is considered correct in the US and find that it increasingly being used in the UK too (along with coordinate, proofread, etc., etc.) Compound nouns can be made up of two or more other words, but each compound has a single meaning.They may or may not be hyphenated, and they may be written with a space between words—especially if one of the words has more than one syllable, as in living room.In that regard, it’s necessary to avoid the over-simplification of saying that two single-syllable words are written together … Here are a few examples of common hyphenated compound words: If I wished to use copywriter, I would say “book-jacket copywriter,” which would also be correct in this context. 18 Dec. 2020. In the compound noun "golf ball", the first word is stressed more (even though both words are nouns, and nouns are always stressed). I find this discussion very interesting but do not entirely agree. I speak and write American English, and my posts almost invariably represent that bias, hence my reference to the obsolescence of co-operate. Most Not Hyphenated Most compound nouns are not hyphenated: master builder fellow employee attorney general. While compound nouns do not require hyphens, some people prefer to use them. For example, it helps us know if somebody sa… The rules on whether to use a hyphen, a space, or nothing between the words in a compound noun are inconsistent. As the names imply, “open compounds” are written as separate words, “hyphenated compounds” are written with one or more hyphens, and “closed compounds” are written as a single word. So I appreciate being brought up to date by columns such as this one and probably will start to adopt “cooperate” and coordinate”, though I still resist “no one” (= nobody) for the reason I give above. If the words don’t make sense without each other, you should hyphenate them. Thus, if we hear “I’m going to the well today”, as long as we know that the speaker is an oil worker (and not a drawer of water), it is perfectly understood that well means oil well and the terms are interchangeable. Use a hyphen when the compound goes before the verb it modifies: Examples: The municipal government is funding a community-based education system. This is why I feel that “language-lover” does require a hyphen. Hyphenated compound words place a hyphen between the two words. Unlike regular nouns, a compound noun is made up of two words. “Jacket copywriter” implies someone who crafts prose to be printed on coats. Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Hence, co-operate, co-ordinate, no-one, pre-empt, etc. With compound adjectives formed from the adverb well and a participle (e.g. Whenever I see hyphenated compound nouns such as this, I feel as if I’m being whisked in a time machine to a bygone era in which hyphenation of word pairs was rampant: to-day, co-operate, tea-cup, and so on. A compound noun is a noun that is composed of two different words. [17] When a compound modifier follows the term to which it applies, a hyphen is typically not used if the compound is a temporary compound. I don’t think language-lover should be hyphenated in general, but in the phrase “well-informed language-lover” I think it is very acceptable to hyphenate in order for “well-informed” to modify “a lover of languages” and not just “language”. Hyphen in a Compound Expression With a Noun and Past Participle. Hyphenated Form: These compound nouns connect two or more words with one or more hyphens between them. Not that anyone would interpret it that way, but without the hyphen, the emphasis of how you read it to yourself would make it seem that the language was well-informed, not the lover of the language (an absurdity, of course). The final arbiter of how a word is treated is a dictionary — or, if a publication for some reason prefers an alternate form, a published style guide such as The Chicago Manual of Style or a house, or internal, style guide compiled by one or more editors of that publication. If the story took place in a modeling contest, prize physiquemight make sense, but this one doesn’t, so we need a hyphen to add clarity. well-known), or from a phrase (e.g. Sometimes you separate them out into two words, sometimes you put them together, sometimes you separate with a hyphen. Over time, many hyphenated compounds become closed compounds— teen-ager became teenager for instance. Aide-de-camp; Merry-go-round; Coat-of-male; Commander-in-chief; Forget-me-not; Touch-me-not; Knight-errant; Knight-templar; Man-of-war; Good-for-nothing; Father-in-law; Lord-justice; Lord-lieutenant; Passer-by; Hanger-on; Looker-on; Happy-go-lucky; Tug-of-war; Pick-me-up; Go-between However, a fireman’s wife would never describe her husband as a “fighter”, we would not point to the birds gathering on the “table” and we would not leave our car in the “park”. Compound nouns tend to have more stress on the first word. No-one (that’s no-one not noone) writes cooperate in the UK. … In the above example from 1984, the result would be prize physique and fighter’s physique. Compounds - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary These are often referred to as closed or solid compound nouns. Wind-powered generators can be excellent sources of electricity. All the examples of compound words listed above are nouns. Hyphenated compound words are the ones (obviously) with a hyphen between the words. C… As a writer, if you’re struggling with hyphens in long modifier chains, moving the modifier to the end of the phrase can help untangle more obscure or dense sentences. Categorized Examples. Many compounds begin as open, progress to hyphenated, and finish as closed. I was taught at school (in UK) that hyphens were required where the attachment of prefixes without could modify pronunciation due to vowel combination. Minutes later, I was reading an entry, and I noticed the second error repeated therein: “The word denotes a well-informed language-lover and word connoisseur.” This time — assuming the author, while reading the proof, had not overlooked a copy editor’s erroneous insertion — the culprit was Garner himself. Examples include six-pack, five-year-old, and son-in-law. A hyphenated compound is made from two words in English combined by a hyphen. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. All completely just based on the standard of the moment, and language is constantly in flux. Hyphens in Compound Adjectives The words in a compound adjective (a single adjective made up of two or more words) can be linked together by hyphens to show they … Compound adjectives are usually hyphenated. The hyphenation of word-choice is unequivocally wrong, but who is to say that Garner and the jacket-copy writer erred with language-lover? The most important thing is to choose one style of writing a compound noun and to use this style consistently throughout a … Since "golf ball" is a compound noun we consider it as a single noun and so it has a single main stress - on the first word. be dropped. 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