Panel numbers are engraved in the memorial at the bottom of each panel. is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. Although it is a truism that the young die in war, one is still unprepared for the fact that 40 percent of Marine enlisted casualties in Vietnam were teenagers; that more than 16 percent of Army enlisted casualties were also teenagers; and that nearly a quarter of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam were between the ages of 17- and 19-years old. Blacks were 85 percent Protestant. (Surprisingly, as it turned out, the percentage of Vietnam veterans who applied for the GI Bill was higher than either World War II or Korea. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. Of the 7,262 blacks who died, 6,955, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine enlisted men. The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. These casualties came largely from the Northeast and North Central regions of the United States, many from the traditionally patriotic, Catholic working class neighborhoods. Inscribed on the black granite walls are the names of more than 58,000 men and women who gave their lives or remain missing. The first names appear at the center of the wall at the top of panel 1E. However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. Registry entries include a panel number and row number that correspond to its location in the memorial (see graphic above). In a massive sampling of the database, it was established that between 5 and 6 percent of Vietnam dead had identifiable Hispanic surnames. The wall construction generally follows the techniques that John Devitt used in building the Moving Wall™. As of Memorial Day 2017, there were 58,318 names, including eight women. The DOD database listed precise religious preferences for the 58,152 Vietnam casualties. The article was written by Bill Abbott, an independent researcher and writer. The young enlisted volunteer or draftee had not had much time to form any complicated theories about our Vietnam commitment. As one stands before the Wall one feels that no other judgment is acceptable to their living memory. He accepted the tradition of military service passed on to him by the popular culture and by President John F. Kennedy’s ringing words, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. If you require assistance, contact a park ranger or volunteer at the memorial. Many of the surviving parents are now deceased. Postscript: Since 1982, there have been 89 names added to The Wall. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. Naval Academy, 130; Texas A & M, 112; The Citadel, 66; Virginia Military Institute, 43; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 26; Norwich University, 19. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). The essence of the Wall is the names and the reaction of the visitor to … Only 10 percent of enlisted men had even some college to their credit and only 1 percent were college graduates. At the time, approximately 1,300 names were designated as servicemen who were either missing or prisoners of war. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. We were one giant Hollywood B-17 bomber crew, one perfect socioeconomic platoon storming Omaha Beach or Okinawa. These officer casualties came more from the South and West regions, 4.1 deaths per 100,000, in contrast to 3.5 from the Northeast and Midwest regions. As we have pointed out earlier, more than 80 percent of our casualties were Army and Marine enlisted men with an average age of 19- to 20-years. The Channeling Memo of July 1965, instructed all local draft boards to give status deferments to college undergraduate and post-graduate students. See the following photos and learn about the Vietnam Memorial. It is not surprising, for instance, that West Virginia, Montana, and Oklahoma had a casualty rate almost twice that of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. 20024. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. Only 5 to 10 percent of enlisted men in the combat units were estimated to have had some college, and less than 1 percent of these enlisted men were college graduates. Since its adoption in 1951, at the time of the Korean War, this policy had been renewed by Congress every four years. The draft policy at the time of the Vietnam War was called the Universal Military Training and Service Act. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. Their sons, if not college material, made up a significant part of the volunteers and draftees. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. Through the AFQT process, the men scoring in the higher categories were more likely to be channeled into further specialized training and eventually assigned to technical and administrative units. Find a Name Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund's database of names on the wall. The same profile holds true for the Marine Corps, where 87 percent of all officer casualties (821 of 938) were warrant officers, lieutenants or captains. The Marine Corps losses were skewed even more to the lower ranks, 91 percent were privates or corporals. 900 Ohio Drive SW The Navy fatalities were 2,556 or 2 percent. The combination of the selective service policies with the skills and aptitude testing of both volunteers and draftees (in which blacks scored noticeably lower) conspired to assign blacks in greater numbers to the combat units of the Army and Marine Corps. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Nathan King, NPS The two 200-feet-long walls contain more than 58,000 names. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. In this study we will refer to casualties as the 58,152 who died in Vietnam, but it should be emphasized that there were 153,303 who were wounded seriously enough to be hospitalized. This number of deaths per 100,000 compared strikingly with the 23.5 in the Northeast region, 29.9 in the West and 28.4 in the North Central (Midwest) region. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of those killed and missing in action in chronological order according to the date of casualty. If the demographic is expanded to 17- to 21- years, then we find there were 83 percent of Marine enlisted casualties, and 65 percent of Army enlisted casualties. Of all enlisted men who died in Vietnam, blacks made up 14.1 percent of the total. Fully 50 percent were in the 17- to 24-year age group, and astonishingly, there were 764 Army officer casualties who were 21 or younger. This came at a time when blacks made up 11 percent of the male population nationwide. Many of the 17- and 18-year olds were simply late in maturing. Those two men have the distinction of being the first two names on The Wall, officially the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). The Vietnam Veterans Memorial stands as a symbol of America’s honor and recognition of the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. With the end of the Cold War, many now believe that at its outset the Vietnam War was a quite honorable extension of our ultimately successful policy of Communist containment; that our effort in Vietnam became flawed because of political and strategic failures having nothing to do with those who died there; and that these young Americans were asked by three presidents and six Congresses to give up their lives so that freedom would have a better chance in the world. Multiple casualties occurring on the same day appear in alphabetical order. A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study released in 1992, found that our Vietnam casualties were only marginally greater from the economically lowest 50 percent of our communities (31 deaths per 100,000 of population), when compared with the economically highest 50 percent (26 deaths per 100,000 population). NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany. The Army suffered the most total casualties, 38,179 or 2.7 percent of its force. No other American war has presented such a young profile in combat. On average, 43 percent of white enlisted entrants placed in categories I and II (scoring 65 to 100) and 57 percent in categories III and IV (scoring 10 to 64). Early in the war (1965 and 1966) when blacks made up about 11 percent of our Vietnam force, black casualties soared to more than 20 percent of the total. The widely held notion that the poor served and died in Vietnam while the rich stayed home is way off the mark. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. With the addition of six names added in 2010 the total is now 58,272 names listed on the Memorial. The memorial is maintained by the U.S. National Park Service, and receives around 3 million visitors each year. Printed registries available at the memorial are organized alphabetically by last name. Thus, there were 211,455 killed and wounded, or one in every 10 Americans who served in Vietnam. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. The wall contains 58,307 names. Inscription at the beginning of The Wall. Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. The names are arranged in the order in which they were taken from us by date and within each date the names … Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. The shining surface is intended to reflect the sun, the ground and those who stand before it. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. A more precise equation would be that the college bound stayed home while the non-college bound served and died. They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). ARMY AND MARINE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. To learn about us and how you can help maintain this site. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. The names are arranged first by date, and then alphabetically. As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. The memorial, located near the western end of the Mall, is a black granite V-shaped wall inscribed with the names of the approximately 58,000 men and women who were killed or missing in action. The Vietnam War was no different. Certainly, some who died did come from poor and broken homes in the urban ghettos and barrios, or were from dirt-poor farm homes in the South and Midwest. Source: YouTube/Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund 58,000 names are listed on The Wall, dedicated to those who dies while serving in Vietnam. All of this was one of the great and abiding agonies of the Vietnam War, causing repercussions within families and on the national political scene to this day. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … The civilian and military men who formed the policy did not see it necessarily as a disadvantage. The idea that American enlisted dead were made up largely of society’s poverty stricken misfits is a terrible slander to their memory and to the solid working-class and middle-class families of this country who provided the vast majority of our casualties. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. The Wall USA is a non-profit endeavor maintained by veterans of the 4th Battalion 9th Infantry Regiment for the benefit of all. It honors service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died in service in Vietnam/South East Asia, and those service members who were unaccounted for during the war. There was no need to embellish. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. They refer to older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college. Vietnam War casualties from Massachusetts Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. Early on President Johnson, his advisers and especially the Congress, realized that if the draft was to be truly equitable and had included combat assignments in Vietnam for the sons of the educationally advantaged and influential Americans from the professional and managerial classes, then the resulting uproar would have shut down the war. Dedicated in 1993, the Vietnam Women's Memorial pays tribute to the more than 265,000 women who served during the Vietnam era. They were at their peak physically. Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. has the names listed in chronological order by date of loss. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. Why Names Are Added To The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall Heartbreak Hope In To Add 74 Names Vietnam Frequently Asked Ions Vietnam Veterans Memorial U S Vietnam War Veterans Kids Say Agent Orange Impact A Many others joined the reserves or National Guard, which were not mobilized in any appreciable numbers during the war. Please search below to obtain information about the 5,673 names of California Veterans engraved on the California Vietnam Memorial in Sacramento. This amounted to 4.1 percent of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam. The Air Force lost the highest percentage of officers. These were Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban and other Latino-Americans with ancestries based in Central and South America. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). The trigger came when the recruiters pointed out that the volunteer could enlist as early as 17 (with parental consent); that he was allowed to select his branch of service; that he would receive specialized training if he qualified; that he could request a specific overseas assignment; and that his three year enlistment followed by three years in the inactive reserves satisfied his military obligation immediately. Our combat arms were thought to be completely classless. If you do not know some of the information or want to see all the listing for a county, city, or last name, leave the other fields blank. The officer corps has always drawn heavily on English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries from middle-class white collar homes, with other large percentages from ambitious working class blue collar and, of course, career military families. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. There are over 58,000 names of men and women who died in action in Vietnam etched deeply into the dark, polished, mirror-like surface of that monument that is simply known as “The Wall” to Vietnam veterans. The Marine Corps lost 14,836, or 5 percent of its own men. 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