In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. . Throughout the years, the ISI has acted as a kind of the backbone of the Pakistan government. The 300-meter-deep summit crater is clearly visible against surrounding ice and snow cover at center. This mountain range is drier than the rainforest areas to the south. This entry includes five subentries: chief of state; head of government; cabinet; elections/appointments; election results. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. . Mexico's intelligence service spied on the writer Gabriel García Márquez for decades and considered him a Cuban agent, it emerged this week.. Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. answer questions about employment beyond the information on this Web site, and we do not routinely The company's filing status is listed as Fictitious Expired and its File Number is X00105186.The company's principal address is 1707 S Clark St, Mexico, MO 65265 and its mailing address is 1707 S Clark St, Mexico… These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. Beach resort of Costa Maya at Quintana Roo. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. This entry includes three subfields. #ga-ad {display: none;} Substantial underemployment might be noted. This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. When you return note: similar to the flag of Italy, which is shorter, uses lighter shades of green and red, and does not display anything in its white band. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr . . A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). . . . This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels (such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gas), expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. . . . This entry gives estimates on spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). answer inquiries about the status of job applications. For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police. This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin . This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments (such as pension funds and worker remittances) to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. are not included. This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. MIDAS, the Mexican Intelligence Digital Archives (los Archivos del Autoritarismo Mexicano), is a crowd-sourced, public access digital archive of historical documents from Mexican intelligence agencies. Centro de Investigación y Seguridad Nacional (CISEN) Center for Research and National Security (CISEN) Sources and Resources. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Mexico Intelligence Agencies. residency requirement for naturalization: This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. . The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Agreements are listed in alphabetical order by the abbreviated form of the full name. . . . (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The World Health Organization estimates that f . It is often rated among the top intel agencies in the world. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. This entry includes a definition of literacy and UNESCO's percentage estimates for populations aged 15 years and over, including total population, males, and females. Th . This entry is the total amount of crude oil exported, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Our databases and networking allows access to nationwide information from most government agencies and other proven resources more efficiently. This entry gives an estimate from the US Bureau of the Census based on statistics from population censuses, vital statistics registration systems, or sample surveys pertaining to the recent past and on assumptions about future trends. Mexico has free trade agreements with 46 countries, putting more than 90% of its trade under free trade agreements. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. A National Archive employees shows old intelligence documents drawn up by spies in 1979 and 1980 from the now-extinct Federal Security Department, at a media presentation in Mexico City, Tuesday, April 16, 2019. This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport system of a given country in terms of both structure and performance. National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. (free on board) basis. This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. The use of the annotated title Appointed Ambassador refers to a new ambassador who has presented his/her credentials to the secretary of state but not the US president. . Office of Public Affairs For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship. . . Formed in 1983, the Ministry of State Security is the security agency and intelligence agency of China. This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type (computer or mobile) and connection. In 2012, Mexico formed the Pacific Alliance with Peru, Colombia, and Chile. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. BMI is calculated by taking a person's weight in kg and dividing it by the person's squared height in meters. . . Among hundreds of volcanic vents and cinder cones are rare maar craters, formed when rising magma met underground water to create pockets of steam that blew nearly circular holes in the overlying crust. . The Chacchoben Maya temple pyramid dates to about AD 700; it was originally painted red and yellow. You can also mail a letter to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA. Internet: This high-resolution satellite image shows part of the Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range, on the border between the Coahuila and Nuevo Leon provinces of eastern Mexico. This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels (bbl). The MMR includes deaths during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, for a specified year. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries. Defense Intelligence Agency FOIA Chief Public Liaison. This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. Image courtesy of NASA/JPL/NGA. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod . Dependency ratios contrast the ratio of youths (ages 0-14) and the elderly (ages 65+) to the number of those in the working-age group (ages 15-64). The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law (including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law); common law (including United State law); customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law (including Islamic law). Mexico's current government, led by President Enrique PENA NIETO, has emphasized economic reforms, passing and implementing sweeping energy, financial, fiscal, and telecommunications reform legislation, among others, with the long-term aim to improve competitiveness and economic growth across the Mexican economy. This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The agency focuses on domestic intelligence and the assessment of threats to national security. . Named after the ancient Mayan Province of Kimpech, the state of Campeche comprises much of the western half of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in resp . . An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505, Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties, Contact the Employment Verification Office. Since Mexico needs an intelligence agency to guarantee national security, the creation of the National Intelligence Agency (Agencia Nacional de Inteligencia) has been announced, but no further information has been provided yet. Image courtesy of USGS. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. feature, or our site navigation on the left to locate the information you seek. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to a less restrictive environment and deliver Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. Also see the Terminology note. Our mission. Fixed broadband is a physical wired connection to the Internet (e.g., coaxial cable, optical fiber) at speeds equal to or greater than 256 kilobits/second (256 kbit/s). This entry provides a summary description of the population dispersion within a country. . This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. If you have information you think might interest CIA due to our foreign intelligence Children who suffer from growth retardation as a result of poor diets and/or recurrent infections tend to have a greater risk of suffering illness and death. The history subfield includes the dates of previous constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. For threats outside the U.S., contact The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j . This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. We reply first to messages of greater interest Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures. . CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a The organization is so powerful that it practically runs the country, along with the army. This entry is the country's total imports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.i.f. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. . It is also one of three volcanic peaks in Mexico - together with Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl - that retain summit glaciers. This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. The project evaluates domestic small and medium-size companies and measures the regulations applying to them through their life cycle. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). A nation's GDP at official exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. 31-05-2019 14:56:42 ZULU, Center for Research on National Security (CISEN) [1989- ], Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA), Law Enforcement and the Mexican Armed Forces: The Military Undertakes New Internal Security Missions, Federal Directorate of National Security (DFSN), S-2 Second Section (Military Intelligence), Special Prosecutor's Office for Crimes Against Health (FEADS), Coordination for Integral Attention to Migration in the Southern Border. Mexico ‘s new government has announced plans to create a new national intelligence agency, as part of President Enrique Peña Nieto’s security reforms aimed at centralizing and better coordinating efforts against organized crime. (free on board) basis. The World Bank Group Doing Business project measures business regulations and enforcement mechanisms across economies and selected cities. . Its guiding focus is to encourage the unity of all peoples on the earth so that justice and peace m . Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older population . The measur . Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis- . Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Image courtesy of USGS. . . This entry gives an estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. The The Catedral Metropolitana de la Asuncion de Maria (Metropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary) on the Zocalo (main square) in Mexico City. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. This entry provides the number of hospital beds per 1,000 people; it serves as a general measure of inpatient service availability. Discover the CIA history, mission, vision and values. The extinct Sierra Negra volcano to the southwest has a summit elevation of 4,640 m (15,223 ft) above sea level; while not as lofty as Pico de Orizaba, it is also one of Mexico?s highest peaks. Growth is predicted to remain below potential given falling oil production, weak oil prices, structural issues such as low productivity, high inequality, a large informal sector employing over half of the workforce, weak rule of law, and corruption. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou . This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community. Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxi . to us and to those with more detail. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Electrification – total population is the percent of a country’s total population with access to electricity, electrification – urban areas is the percent of a country’s urban population w . We do not . three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and red; Mexico's coat of arms (an eagle with a snake in its beak perched on a cactus) is centered in the white band; green signifies hope, joy, and love; white represents peace and honesty; red stands for hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor; the coat of arms is derived from a legend that the wandering Aztec people were to settle at a location where they would see an eagle on a cactus eating a snake; the city they founded, Tenochtitlan, is now Mexico City. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. US-Mexico (Secretariat of National Defense) Agreement on Security Measures for the Protection of Classified Information, March 16, 2010 This entry gives the total number of heliports with hard-surface runways, helipads, or landing areas that support routine sustained helicopter operations exclusively and have support facilities including one or more of the following facilities: lighting, fuel, passenger handling, or maintenance. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mexico 2020 information contained here. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). The most up-to-date CIA news, press releases, information and more. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. This section briefly describes four key economic components for a given country:* National Economy, including economic histories, domestic labor and wage markets, and the economic sector portfolios that drive fiscal and monetary policymaking;* Financial Power & Public Finance, including brief discussions of lending/exchange rates, capital stocks/flows, and foreign direct investments arising from a country's financial and capital markets;* International Trade, including chief imports an . The first, urban population, describes the percentage of the total population living in urban areas, as defined by the country. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. This entry lists major infectious diseases likely to be encountered in countries where the risk of such diseases is assessed to be very high as compared to the United States. The United States was the last of the major powers to establish a civilian intelligence agency responsible for the collection of secret information for policy makers. . . The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e.g., the . For countries where volcanic activity is common, a volcanism subfield highlights historically active volcanoes. . Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. One of the most clearly visible examples is located on the southwest flank of the cone. This entry gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Legend has it that gods sit atop the volcano on thrones of fire and ice. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. . This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters (cu m). Attorney General of Mexico (PGR) Attorney General's Crime-Combat Planning, Analysis and Information Center ( CENAPI / PGR – Centro de Planeación, Análisis e Información para el Combate a la Delincuencia ) ... Intelligence Agency (Agencija za Razuznavanje) (Civilian Agency)IA. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. 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