The MSC and other credible standard setters have a key role to play in helping companies and governments to achieve the SDGs. Here is the full list of definitions. A framework of international instruments has been developed that addresses different aspects of fisheries management. The global mean percentage of each marine key biodiversity area covered by protected areas increased from 31.2 per cent in 2000 to 44.7 per cent in 2015 and to 45.7 per cent in 2018. A new ocean acidification data portal shows an increase in variability in pH and the acidity of the oceans by 10 to 30 per cent in the period 2015–2019. During the workshop in November 2018, a team of co-authors, identified through the global survey, considered the MEL-related implications for and needs of SDG 14. The number of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February 2019. In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. The task force held an Experts Workshop on Marine Pollution Indicators SDG Goal Target 14.1.1 at IOC-UNESCO, Paris, 12-13 September 2018, to work on the science of marine pollution indicators, data capture and dissemination and to advance the global methodology on eutrophication and plastic debris assessment. This is more than double the 2010 coverage level. Introducing SDG 14 on conserving the oceans. We will keep this up-to-date with the most recent data and SDG developments through to the end of the 2030 Agenda. Studies of marine acidity at open ocean and coastal sites around the world have indicated that current levels are often outside preindustrial bounds. Calysta, a company that produces sustainable products to improve global food security, pledged to support SDG 14 by advancing technology to promote sustainable aquaculture. In terms of data and geospatial information, information to determine the percentage of total exclusive economic zones under any type of ecosystem-based management approaches has been collected, although it would require additional resources to ensure the comparison amongst the number of countries with marine, maritime or integrated coastal zone management plan in place. More information on the SDG14.1.1 indicator development process/methodology can be found here. The global share of marine fish stocks that are within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. Biodiverse marine sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious natural resources. Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and eutrophication (excessive nutrients in water, frequently a result of run-off from land, which causes dense plant growth and the death of animal life from lack of oxygen). Climate Change Law and Policy - Legal Working Paper Series (2007) May 26, 2007 by admin. Page 14. The upgrade formally recognizes the “conceptual clarity” and international standards of the methodology and data-gathering approach for SDG indicator 14.3.1. By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics Albertsons Companies, one of the largest US supermarket companies, announced its support for SDG 14 and also joined the Seafood Task Force. Last July, the IOC Executive Council in its decision IOC/EC-LI/4.3 reaffirmed the importance of GOSR as the main mechanism to measure progress towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14, Target 14.a (SDG indicator 14.a.1) and recognized that investments in ocean science are key to developing sustainable ocean economies. The Targets are the following: (14.1) Reduce marine pollution (14.2) Protect and restore ecosystems (14.3) Reduce ocean acidification (14.4) Sustainable fishing SDG 14. <br> Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. It will contribute to sketching out a vision and a role for MSP in implementing Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, and in particular the dedicated goal SDG 14, in a comprehensive, consistent and holistic way, both within the European Union and beyond at the international level with the objective to triple the area of territorial waters benefiting from marine spatial planning by 2030. Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels 557. SDG 14: Life Below Water â Indicators by Targets. As of January 2018, 16 per cent (or over 22 million square kilometres) of marine waters under national jurisdiction—that is, 0 to 200 nautical miles from shore—were covered by protected areas. We partner with ocean networks and decision-makers to combat overfishing (SDG 14.4), plastic pollution (SDG 14.1), and ocean warming and acidification (SDG 14.3, SDG 14.6). Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to increase in 20 per cent of large marine ecosystems by 2050. New agreement bolsters UN work on ocean observations, research and services, 31.01.2019 - Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, International Geoscience and Geoparks Programme, Executive Secretary, ADG of UNESCO for IOC, Improving measurement of Gender Equality in STEM, Women’s participation in policy-making processes, Biodiversity & Society, Culture and Ethics, Disaster Risk Reduction in UNESCO designated sites, Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network, United Nations’ Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators, UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Indicators for the cause of eutrophication (nutrient input and concentrations). Current efforts to protect key marine environments and small-scale fishers and invest in ocean science are not yet meeting the urgent need to protect this vast, fragile resource. Following this, a pilot study for the collection of ocean acidification data from National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODCs) towards the Indicator was launched in collaboration with IODE. To promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and markets, most countries have developed targeted regulatory and institutional frameworks. Globally, in 2014, 8.4 per cent of the marine environment under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) and 0.25 per cent of the marine environment beyond national jurisdiction were under protection. Modelled indicators of the potential for coastal eutrophication (the Index of Coastal Eutrophication Potential (ICEP), based on analyzing nutrient load ratios and expected influence on eutrophication due to land based activities). They are located mainly in Western Europe, Southern and Eastern Asia, and the Gulf of Mexico. Commitments. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. COAS. For example, the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. IOC-UNESCO is the custodian agency for the SDG 14.3.1 indicator. Mindful of the difficulty of the task for Member States and of the need to gather the broadest possible representation of countries, the deadline to contribute information through the online questionnaire has been extended to 15 February 2019. Ocean acidification is closely linked to shifts in the carbonate chemistry of the waters, which can lead to a significant weakening of the shells and skeletons of many marine species (such as reef-building corals and shelled molluscs). Subregional Office for the Pacific. 17 Oct 2018 Webinar: COA on Ocean Acidification Wed 17 - Wed 17 Oct 2018. Overfishing reduces food production, impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity. Studies at open ocean and coastal sites around the world show that current levels of marine acidity have increased by about 26 per cent on average since the start of the Industrial Revolution. â¦ The OIC call to action will offer grants between US$50,000 and $250,000 to scalable, replicable and transferable innovations that advance progress on SDG 14 targets. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. April 12, 2007 by admin. Investing in SDG 14 Tue 10 - Tue 10 Nov 2020. To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained at a biologically sustainable level. sea birds). Long-term observations of ocean acidification over the past 30 years have shown an average increase of acidity of 26 per cent since pre-industrial times, and at this rate, an increase of 100 to 150 per cent is predicted by the end of the century, with serious consequences for marine life. UN Environment is the custodian agency of this indicator and works in close collaboration with the Regional Seas Conventions and the IOC-UNESCO. 14.4.1 Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels Compare data and view trends using the Global SDG Indicator Platform Dashboard. In 2015, world leaders agreed to 17 Global Goals (officially known as the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs). Currently, IOC UNESCO together with UN Environment is soliciting for funding to finalize the Silica component of the model and for testing it. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. It is described as the âTragedy of the Commonsâ. End poverty in all its forms everywhere. Special Envoy. Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside previously experienced natural variability. Much of the coverage is concentrated in Oceania and Latin America and the Caribbean. MEL for SDG 14 evolves as conditions and practices â¦ 1. <br> Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana. Plastic debris washed/deposited on beaches or shorelines (beach litter). In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. Countries are making progress in implementing programmatic, legislative and accounting principles to protect biodiversity and ecosystems. IOC-UNESCO, UN Environment and the Regional Seas Conventions work in close collaboration. It contributes to nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five â 3.1 million children per year. Progress towards these Targets is agreed to be tracked by 232 unique Indicators. Related Goals. By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information Initial interventions will focus on reducing pollution from plastic and nutrients as called for in SDG target 14.1. This indicator measures the â¦ Workshops and meetings, such as the 5th IOC-WESTPAC Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems( November 2018, Xiamen, China) and the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Symposium and Advanced Training on Ocean Acidification Monitoring (January 2019, Santa Marta, Colombia) are the first of many upcoming trainings, where participants will learn how to apply the methodology. 14. <br> Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density. By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism understanding and accelerating progress towards SDG 14 through participatory MEL approaches. Macroeconomic Policy and Financing for Development . A task force, which includes experts from IOC-UNESCO, the International Geosphere Biosphere Program (IGBP), and GESAMP, the UN Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection, supported by the Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Blue Planet, was established to provide the technical expertise during the course of the indicator methodology development. [ SDG 14.a ] Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular Small Island Developing â¦ Progress in the degree of implementation of international instruments to promote and protect small-scale fisheries, 2018-2020 . 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