In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Rulers of these princely states were given option by the British government either to join India, Pakistan or remain independent. It has the world's second-largest Muslim population.It is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Communal violence that had already started reached to its height after the announcement of Redcliff Award on 16tn August 1947. By 15th August most of these states announced their accession to either India or Pakistan except Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagadh. 3. • The first problem … Unfair Boundary Distribution 3.Division of Military Assets 4. Pakistan also didn’t receive the due share of the military assets. He was not regarded as merely the governor-general. Chapter 2 Initial Problems of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Study notes for class 12. Pakistan was promised to get Rs. Initial Problems of Pakistan.pdf What students are saying As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, … *ӊ����� �,m���a�ƅ�9�!Q�"�����MP��.�����)-�A����y Xb\5j�V ���ik� F��N �R�{-v���v&@�I�F��4���p��6����^�o����Q.�ǎF��� !#p�������%���(�&������"�wEB�sl�3pť����V��\[.PPD4J6�Z�ը���}��Z���$�u)A� fa and fsc notes for kpk. CHOICE OF CAPITAL AND ESTABLISHMENT OF GOVERNMENT The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat. Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, https://graduateway.com/initial-problems-of-pakistan/, Get your custom 1.Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government 2. The British system of government had given these diverse people a very little opportunity to participate in government. Each boundary commission consisted of representatives from India and Pakistan. Download Initial Problems of Pakistan Comments. ���.��'�8���'� �hl�@��5�R�L8�n45\+����7]��jWJk�̢n��d,�Y X_�W���ǀn�n�.�� 4����VK�JoH��ccI��j�����9�+(�/�L�]����`� L���N��#�^�����EՑ�b�[g�����oGH8�/>�T+- ����E)l�:�&����-1��K�U>��(���+�KH ����5�R�}�YY"�,�E�v���F]U�:'��v�PR�ʉ�����hv (PDF) Difficulties and problems faced in establishment of Pakistan | Ahmad Iftikhar - Academia.edu Pakistan was established in 1947 and since its inception, it has been surrounded by countless issues including but not limited to ill-formed/missing infrastructure, insufficient refined resources, barren or obsolete factories and technologies, (Nehru told General Sir Frank Messervy in 1945, “his deliberate plan would be to allow Jinnah to have hisPakistan, end gradually makes things so impossible economically and otherwise for Pakistan that they have to come on their banded knees and asked to be allowed back to India Uneven Boundary Distribution. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. Find all latest initial problems of pakistan after independence news, Pakistan and world initial problems of pakistan after independence news according to your request on any date you need. Dispute was finally settled when an agreement called Indus Basin treaty. Hyderabad decan was the largest and richest state rule d by Muslim ruler Nizam who decided to remain independent. From Pakistan: Justice Abu Saleh, Justice Muhammad Ikram, Justice S.A. Rehman From india: justice b.k mukerjee and justice C.C. The creation of Pakistan was catalyst to the largest demographic movement in recorded history. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/initial-problems-of-pakistan/, This is just a sample. At the time of partition there were 462 princely states in subcontinent that cover 1/3 of Indian Territory and 1/4 of its population. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. East Pakistan secedes after a brief and bloody civil war, General Yahya Khan steps down and Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto takes over as the first civilian martial law administrator. The arrival of refugees created problem for both the countries but the issue was more serious in the nascent state of Pakistan that was already facing no of problems. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees’ problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Maharaja hari singh wanted a free state of Kasmir but large muslim population wanted to merge them with Pakistan. Some time even Pakistan forced to purchase water from India. Display name. Hyderabad Administrative Problem: A new government had to be formed. Sub-district of Batala and Gurdaspur in Gurdaspur district It had its origin in Redcliff Award which drew the boundary India and Pakistan in way that it cut across the rivers and canal making India the upper beneficiary and Pakistan the lower beneficiary, It also handed over the control over two important head works over river Ravi (Madhupure Head works) and Sutlej (Ferozpure Head works) to India. Apart from communal violence another reason for the migration of Muslims was their desire to live in a newly established Islamic state. (2016, Oct 21). Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols, Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Even more serious fact was that offices and factories could not work properly because nearly all the Hindu and Sikh staff left Pakistan and majority of the refugees that arrived in Pakistan were peasant and unskilled and they were inexperience for the jobs that were waiting for them. � �}�rG��o#bޡ��1�o�M���K�$CP�e�CQ�. Biswas. First Tripartite Accord between the Pakistan Peoples Party and the coalition of National Awami Party and Jamiat-ul-Ulema Pakistan. The treaty was signed between Ayub Khan the president of Pakistan and Nehru the Indian Prime Minister on September 19, 1962. Representatives of Bengal boundary Comission. Approximately 5 million Muslims migrated from India to Pakistan. Early problems after partition: Initial Problems of Pakistan after Independence in Urdu and English the illogical division on the part of red cliff caused tremendous dislocation of population. Nearly seventeen million people-Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs-are reported to have moved in both directions between India and the two wings of Pakistan (the eastern wing is now Bangladesh). Analysis of the Boundary Award Submit Close. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. The Indian Independence Act 1947 provided the formation of two boundary commissions for the division of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal between India and Pakistan. What are Pakistan's initial problems? Username * E-Mail * Password * Confirm Password * First Name. The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat. India attacked Hyderabad on 13th September 1948 and forcibly annexed this state to india. Karachi was chosen as … Death of Quaid-e-Azam, Despite of all the problems, Pakistan continued to march under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. It caused economic and administrative problems, as Pakistan did not have sufficient resources to provide food, shelter and medical aid to the growing no of refugees. 750 million but the Indian govt. There were lack of offices to start bureaucratic and public services. 2. • Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. 16. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. According to research by the American University, Pakistan is among the top ten countries in … One of the major issues the country is facing is a shortage of water. Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Report "Initial Problems of Pakistan" Please fill this form, we will try to respond as soon as possible. The need for realizing the significance of Pakistan’s youth is increasing by the day. 2nd Years Pakistan studies Notes for KPK Board. In the absence of such progressive qualities, the government faces so many social and economic problems. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related withPakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn 👋 Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia.It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.2 million. April 1973 Quaid-e-Azam died on 11th September 1948. �C>i��2���ŦŞ�&�[��M�n`�s� Nobody can deny that in the early year predominant leadership of Quaid-e-Azam was a source of strength for Pakistan. Accession Of Princely states Need Answer this Question, it's very Helpful for Me and Many others! The Muslim Nawab governing Junagadh, favored in acceding to Pakistan but Indian army occupied the state by force in November 1947. According to that agreement India was allocated the use of two Eastern Rivers namely Ravi and Sutlej whereas three western Rivers Indus, Jehlum and Chenab were given to Pakistan. It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to claim our youth to be the voice of Pakistan. Both India and Pakistan were agreed to accept the decision of Redcliff incase of deadlock. 03 Initial Problems of Pakistan 44 04 Quaid-e-Azam as Governor General 46 03: ESTABLISHMENT OF AN ISLAMIC DEMOCRATIC STATE Multiple Choice Questions 49 SHORT ANSWERS 50-55 01 Objective Resolution 50 02 Constitution of 1956 51 03 Constitution of 1962 52 … As being an agricultural county where rainfall is scanty and agriculture is greatly depending on irrigation by canal and rivers. Soon after its establishmentPakistan faced number of problems. On 23 February 1948, the Government of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Pakistan. Sub-district of Ajnala in Amritsar district Pakistan had to build its administration from the start and officers were brought in specially from Delhi. This cause a great anarchy in Kashmir and Maharaja signed a secret document and give Kashmir accession to india and flew to England. This dishonest attitude put Pakistan into great difficulties. Junagadh Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Records were left in India. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. Water dispute Sub-district of Nakadar and Jullundur in Jullundur district Pakistan thus emerged as an independent state in 1947. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. However these states were advised to consider geographical location and religious trends of their respective states before accession to the either country. Register Now. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Most of the problems were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the Accession of the Princely States, Canal Water Dispute, Refugees Problems, Distribution of Armed & Military Assets. Hindus were angry over the division of the Subcontinent whereas Sikhs were unhappy over the loss of their religious places. �*��r�`�N)�Q!���׶�/Z��dhc�/y����$Uʒq-�z���1�(��r�(@dG��n4����MSTp!Y��o2�LYn,����v��vׅM�õ ���Kk��%2uـ暔�7&!����P}^��S��!E�Mҡ� Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. 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INITIAL PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN INTRODUCTION • Pakistan came into existence on 14th August 1947. -6�1}�0����ڈ݈���~?�ffU���C���&�:�����g��m��;�e�h�nV�������W�Z�3�Xt5�H\F��9����ʷ�س"�����u5����j���H��ZT���o�`�@Dq�1n�}��{1��>���":u������5��Y�IF��5�m�/z턑�D��w���.r��U��v�,�\s,l�o�?V��VoR��7�i�Vg0-�QG���Ʈ�Ƽ\�Ǐ��H���N���|qZ]���˂i��>�mv����t�7�FF��c �ѕ+z#!����q7�TbQ�b��%���{�.�5'�.ۜ� ���L�Em���y�}o�mӃ��9}X�Kod�Z��m�s֢����Fg�1�9�E���-� ���ob,7����_�,�y�X�a��-�'썸�c�M�{����R�?`�r�Q���4��v���E��f��������^~���.t*�%��Цl�?7�@+���~��n�A$�k�w���W�i�YV��=XKԮnV;�n�ί��0b��`�x�:3�����Vv�Gι�1/FN$�p�-a�@�\gJ�L�vn�P��}���{Ǜ�Q��^���A�1�d����U4ĒX����ُ���j�Z^"|@m� �1-�Tآ�����[T3#>4��o�a�a �\c�A(2�m��`%��x셆KF��n͌=jfg��� Kashmir. Upon arrival, there were no offices so interim offices were set up in barracks and public buildings just to kick things off. Sir Cyril Redcliff was appointed as the chairman of both the boundary commissions. Representatives of Punjab Boundary Commission, From Pakistan, Justice Din Muhammad and Justice Muhammad Munir. Last Name. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Email. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Description. Redcliff Award Handed over Some of the Muslim Majority Areas that were Contiguous to the Boundary of Pakistan to India: These areas included. New capital had to be decided. Notes Of caie | Cambridge Upper Secondary | Cambridge O Level Subjects | Pakistan Studies - 2059 | Pakistan Studies Notes | Geography | Initial-problems-of-pakistan.pdf Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. Sixty million of the ninety-five million M… The first problem Pakistan had to face was choosing an administrative Capital city to form and establish a government. your own paper. Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. N���>�����YU�a����E��� 2�2z��] �$��7Sj0�@_a�l!�j�$? The award was partial, unjust and unfair to Pakistan as cliff handed over number of Muslim majority areas which were contiguous to the boundary of. Post Independence Problems Pakistan was carved out in desperate urgency. The demographic shift caused initial bitterness between the two countries. As expected the representatives of India and Pakistan were unable to reach on an agreement and Redcliff announced his own decisions on 16th August 1947. Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Pakistan came into being as a free Muslim state in quite unfavorable circumstances .It had no resources, it had no resources, it had to build up its administrative machinery from a scratch. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees’ problems and distribution of armed and military assets. • Infect most of these problems … Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan … Quaid-e-Azam took the office of the Governor General, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as Prime Minister and a Cabinet of experienced persons was selected. Pakistan received only 200 million Rupees. There are number of factors and reasons which are mainly responsible to birth these political problems. When Pakistan became a country on August 14th, 1947, to form the largest Muslim state in the world at that time. We are the generation responsible for shaping the future of this country and bringing a swift wave of innovation and change in Pakistan. March 1972. Due to the communal violence millions of Indian Muslims leaving there property started migrating towards Pakistan. Sub-district of Ferozepur and Zira in Ferozepur district Faced with the serious problems of a young country, he tackled Pakistan’s problems with authority. Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan. But pressure tactics began to be applied by Indian army and Mount batten. Stopping the flow of water by India caused heavy economic loss for Pakistan. To overcome the shortage of water World Bank, India and other friendly countries provided Pakistan financial assistance to construct two dams, five barrages and seven link canals Division of military and financial assets, In order to embarrass Pakistan financially, india did a lot of dishonesty in the matters of Pakistan which were concerned with its benefits. =E������K�-N�"�A�s���UD'���@��q��shN��P\�̽��s�ð�Fm;ٶ�B�jҶ�max?��,��G5�ڱ������LDM��G��4��y�l�ʳF�瓅�Y��SԜEyEXZ^Zƭ�a ��6��ںݙ��UEb�� ^P�PV����k#����^�=Xc 7�'�~.�����L��4��%�k�te�3� �tP٨ A�J� �‘h��s �q�_A�����ݘ���q������UO�E_3�:c>�8p�y�ah���b�^]�F�"�.�@uM#)�r0?� ��ف��Vb"�,Tߤ�R�%ܩ Pakistan to India but none out the Hindu majority areas to Pakistan; Award also paved the way for the disputes between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and Canal Water. Initial problem of pakistan 1. Your name. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Infect most of these problems were deliberately created by India itself so that Pakistan would not maintain its independent status and soon merged with India. Pakistan was mainly made up of five different groups: 1. Political Problems of Pakistan and their solutions are listed here. The Pakhtuns in the north 2. the Balochs in the west 3. the Sindhis in the south 4. the Punjabis in the north-east 5. the Bengalis in the east These people had different traditions, cultures, languages, and lifestyles. What are Pakistan's initial problems? Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. But Supreme efforts were made by the Quiad-e-Azam and his colleagues to grapple with the situation .His golden principles “Unity” “Faith” and “Discipline” gave way to Pakistan for a bright future of a strong and well developed country .In his last message to the nation on 14th August 1948, he told the nation: “The foundation of your state has been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as you can.”, Initial problems of Pakistan. It resulted serious dislocation for Pakistan in its economic life. He was revered as the father of the nation. Reason. Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. Pakistan faced number of problems. After the death of Quaid-e-Azam though there were great leaders too, but unfortunately none of them was of the caliber of Quaid-e-Azam. Its ruler was maharaja hari singh. Conclusion. You can get your custom paper from From india, Justice maherchad mahajan and justice tej singh. It came into existence with horrible loss of life and property, and the migration of millions of dazed and destitute men, women, and children. Redcliff award, allotted sixty-two percent of the area of undivided Punjab to India, with fifty-five percent of the population. Initial problems of Pakistan Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 19 Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems.Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. At the time of partition Kashmir was state with 71.7% of Muslim population. It was estimated that only West Pakistani received 5.5 million refugees and one sixth of the entire population of West Pakistan consisted of refugees. Jinnah became the first head of the new state. Government of Pakistan built residential programs in which thousands of the refugees were provided with flats and residence. refused to give. In 1947, some of them, particularly the Balochs and the Bengalis, were sure they now wanted to transfer allegiance to a new P… Forced to purchase water from India: Justice Abu Saleh, Justice Din Muhammad and tej... Demographic shift caused initial bitterness between the Pakistan Peoples Party and Jamiat-ul-Ulema Pakistan serious dislocation for Pakistan in economic! Are the generation responsible for shaping the future of this country and a... To participate in government states were given option by the day the voice of Pakistan residential! Of offices to start bureaucratic and public buildings just to kick things off second-largest Muslim population.It is 33rd-largest... The time of partition Kashmir was state with 71.7 % of Muslim.... 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